Chakra is Sanskrit for wheel or disk, signifies rotating vortexes of subtle energy translated to seven basic centres in the body. Chakras simultaneously draw a parallel to major nerve ganglia branching forth from the spinal column and correlate to various organs & body functions, as well as representing senses and colours.

Chakras originate in Eastern traditions, absorbed into many areas of healing and wellbeing.  Chakras also correlate to levels of consciousness, elements of personal characteristics, developmental stages of life and reflect a spiritual journey.  Chakras are associated with acupuncture and acupressure key points, and are believed to correspond with chronic and acute conditions physically and emotionally [1-15].


Crown Chakra: Thought

Mind: Enlightenment, self-knowledge, wisdom, spirit, higher self

Body:  Brain/Cerebral Cortex, central nervous system, Pituitary: produces 8 hormones  regulating growth, blood pressure, pregnancy and childbirth,  energy and water balance

Spirit/Sahasrara: Crown relates to consciousness, as pure awareness, connection to divine.  It is our connection to the greater world beyond, to a timeless, space-less place of all-knowing. When developed, this chakra brings us knowledge, wisdom, understanding, spiritual connection, and bliss.

Violet/Purple: Amethyst, Diamond, Quartz Crystal, Sugilite


Third Eye Chakra: Light

Mind: Intuition, psychic abilities, self-reflection, knowing, telepathy

Body:  Hypothalamus, pineal gland, which is a light sensitive gland that produces the hormone melatonin/serotonin, which regulates patterns of sleep and awakening, and influences mood (SAD). Also the eyes, ears, Eustachian tubes, dizziness, vertigo. dementia, neuritis and migraine

Spirit/Ajna: associated to the act of seeing, both physically and intuitively, opens our psychic faculties, raises our awareness, allows us to “see the bigger picture”

Indigo: Lapiz Lazuli, Sapphire, Sodalite,


Throat Chakra: Sound

Mind: Communication, speech, listening, self-expression, singing

Body: Cervical ganglia, bronchi, vocal apparatus, alimentary canal, Thyroid & Parathyroids, regulates metabolism, growth and maturation

Hypothyrodism: causing tiredness, weight gain, depression, neck and sternocleidomastoid muscle-ache, sensitivity to cold

Hyperthyroidism: palpitations, excess sweating, weight loss, sensitivity to heat. Shoulders and Arms.

Spirit/Vishuddha: silence, shyness, introverted. When to speak the truth, and when to listen, finding the words to apologise and soothe. Shock and grief. Peace and calm. “shoulder responsibility”

Pale Blue: Blue Lace Agate, Celestite, Turquoise, Blue Topaz


Heart Chakra: Air

Mind: Devotion, love, compassion, healing, self-acceptance, balanced emotion

Body: Heart, blood, circulation system and cardiac conditions & respiratory system, lungs, diaphragm, breathlessness.  Immunity, for fighting off disease, adversely affected by stress.

Spirit/Anahata: balance and well-being, mind and body, male and female, ego and unity. Balanced heart chakra allows us to self-love, give and receive love, feel compassion and centeredness. Surrender fears, bitterness and resentment. Overcoming loss, depression and bereavement.

Green: Jade, Aventurine, Emerald, Malachite, Rose Quartz,


Solar plexus Chakra: Fire

Mind: Ego, self- control, identity, will power, action, freedom, career

Body: Digestive system, stomach, duodenum, gall bladder, liver as well as the pancreas.  Diabetes  and the adrenal glands and their valuable role in conversion of food into energy.  Skin conditions like eczema, Anxiety, Phobias, Nervousness, Worry, and stomach ulcers.

Spirit/ Manipura: power-centre, vitality, personal power and strength, energy-drive aspirations and spontaneity .  Effectiveness, conquer lack of confidence, build self esteem and courage to overcome shyness, “Lion from Wizard of Oz”

Yellow: Yellow Amber, Tigers Eye, Calcite, Gold


Sacral Naval Chakra: Water

Mind: sexuality, self-gratification, passion, creativity, reproduction, change

Body: lower abdomen, lower back, and sexual organs, gonads, reproductive cycle, which can cause dramatic mood swings. Fluid balance Lymphatic’s, oedema, kidneys, and bladder. Pelvic problems and Sciatic nerve can cause lower back pain and issues with your gait. Jealousy, envy, negativity, greed and spite.  Warmth and drive.

Spirit/Swadhisthanna: allied to the element water, and to emotions and sexuality, bodily fluids. It connects us to others through feeling of pleasure, desire, sensation, and movement. Ideally this chakra brings us fluidity and grace, generosity depth of feeling, sexual fulfilment, and the ability to accept change.

Orange: Carnelian, Topaz, Amber, Coral


Root Chakra: Earth

Mind: Basic instinct, survival, protection, self-preservation, security, grounding, strength,

Body: Spinal column, bones, Legs, feet, low energy levels and no enthusiasm for life. Stimulates the skin and muscles of perineum. Mental illness and insecurity, when balanced it is beneficial for enhancing leadership skills.

Base chakra/ Muludhara:  sacrococcyx, this chakra forms our foundation.  It represents our connection to the element earth, and our survival instincts, security, also to basic human potential and to our sense of grounding, rooting our bodies and the physical plane which sustains us … in short, taking us “back to the bone”

Red:  Ruby, Garnet, Red Gasper, Sayronyx, Ruby

Back to helpful info

1                Cross JR (2008a) Healing with the Chakra Energy System: Acupressure, Bodywork, and Reflexology for Total Health. California: North Atlantic Books

2               Pincus T (2004) The Psychology Of Pain.  In:   French S and Sim J (Ed) Physiotherapy: a Psychosocial Approach (3rd Edition). Oxford:  Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann Publishers

3                Low J (2001) Alternative, Complementary, or Concurrent Health Care? A Critical Analysis of the Use of the Concept of Complementary Therapy. Complementary Therapy Medicine, 9, (3):105–110

4               Kay, A.J., 2016. Healing and the Chakra System. International Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine136.

5                Charman RA (2000) Complementary Therapies for Physical Therapists (Eds).  Somerset :Butterworth Heinemann

6               Ozaniec N (2011) Unlock Your Energy from Chakras. UK:  Flash Hodder Education

7                Arewa  S Chakras (2012) Thorsons Way of Chakras. China:  Thorsons Publishers

8               Chakra Stones Healing Crystals (2007). Massage Magazine, (132), 111.

9               Starwynn D (2012). Acupuncture, chakras and cancer treatment: psycho-neuro-endocrine balancing. Acupuncture Today, 13(5), 1.

10             Zollicoffer, M. (2010). Aveda’s Chakra Balancing Massage. Massage & Bodywork, 25(2), 44-53.

11             Marlow, L. (2010). The endocrine system and the chakras. Homoeopath, 29(1), 23.

12             Stiles K (2008). Aromatherapy for balancing the chakras. Aromatherapy Today, 22 (1) 16

13             Cross, J.R. and Charman, R., 2006. Healing with the Chakra Energy System: Acupressure, Bodywork, and Reflexology for Total Health. North Atlantic Books

14             Leigh, G.M., 2018. Reconceptualising health: a conversation between quantum science, energy medicine and mystical theology.

15             Richardson, P.S., 2019. The Interrelationships of the Chakras and Mental Health.